Shipping Terms: Main Abbreviations


Authority for this service must be granted by tariff publication. A person whose business is to act as an agent on behalf of the shipper. A freight forwarder frequently makes the booking reservation. Shipped under a rate that includes costs of delivery to and the loading onto a carrier at a specified point.

An indemnity issued to the carrier by a bank; protects the carrier against any possible losses or damages arising from release of the merchandise to the receiving party. This instrument is usually issued when the bill of lading is lost or is not available. Effective June 18, 1984, describes the law covering water transportation in the U.S.foreign trade. The person or company who is usually the supplier or owner of commodities shipped. The tender of one lot of cargo at one time from one shipper to one consignee on one bill of lading.

fob stands for in business communication

U.S. classification society which certifies seagoing vessels for compliance to standardized rules regarding construction and maintenance. Goods delivered “alongside” are to be placed on the dock or barge within reach of the transport ship’s tackle so that they can be loaded. The total price to move cargo from origin to destination, inclusive of all charges. The weight prescribed by agreement between carrier and shipper for goods shipped in certain packages or in a certain number. Numerous shipments from different shippers to one consignee that are consolidated and treated as a single consignment. A notice sent to a local or foreign buyer advising that shipment has gone forward and containing details of packing, routing, etc.

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It is signed by the applicant and is part of the insurance policy if it is issued. ✓ Certification Services, SGS certifies that products, systems or services meet the requirements of standards set by governments, standardization bodies (e.g. ISO 9000) or by customers of SGS. The obligation of the issuing bank is confirmed by another bank. Confirmation is an additional guarantee of payment from another bank .

  • The program includes U.S. embassy support, briefings on market requirements and business practices, and interpreter services.
  • FOB value is generally selected by buyers who are familiar with international trade.
  • Free on board is a world commerce time period beneath the Incoterms guidelines revealed by the International Chamber of Commerce .
  • Arrangements with a carrier for the acceptance and carriage of freight; i.e., a space reservation.
  • Freight on which transportation charges are calculated on the basis of volume measurement.
  • To make a profit, all variable and fixed costs must be recovered plus some extra amount.

It is often asked by clients or agents who believe that will give them some assurance the existence of the product and the supplier’s ability to deliver the product. The POP It is usually provided only when the buyer’s bank issues a Letter of Confirmation to the seller or the seller’s bank via SWIFT. Then the bank seller can check the availability of funds in the buyer’s bank and issue a POP to the buyer’s bank within an agreed period (e.g., five days).

Collect- The transportation charges are collected from the buyer. Allows merchandise that has been withdrawn from a bonded warehouse at one port to be transported in bond through the U.S. to be exported from another port, without paying duty. Allows merchandise that has been withdrawn from a bonded warehouse at one U.S. port to be exported from the same port exported without paying duty. A place for the reception, delivery, consolidation, distribution, and storage of goods/cargo. A document required on merchandise imported into the United States. The consolidation of a quantity of individual items into one large shipping unit for easier handling.

Clauses attesting to compliance are often required on the B/L. Certificate issued by consular officials of some importing countries at the point or place of export when the subject goods are exported under bond. A loss discovered before or at the time of delivery of a shipment. In the days of sail, speed was measured by tossing overboard a log which was secured by a line.

“Just in Time” is a typical value-added example of supply chain management. A complete package of pick up or delivery services performed by a carrier from origin to final consumption point. A rail service whereby rail cars carry containers stacked two high on specially operated unit trains. Each train includes up to 35 articulated multi-platform cars. Each car is comprised of 5 well-type platforms upon which containers can be stacked.

B2B: Business to Business, B2C: Business to Customer, E-Commerce(Online Selling)

United Nations EDI for Administration, Commerce and Transport. EDI Standards are developed and supported by the UN for electronic message interchange on an international level. To transfer goods from one transportation line to another, or from one ship to another. A time or a date draft that has been accepted by the buyer for payment at maturity.

They have been advised at one point that every one of their company’s cargo ships FOB, so that’s what they write on their purchase orders. These international commerce phrases or incoterms are used to find out when each side, shipper and consignee, will take accountability for the shipment. These phrases present when are they responsible for losses, damages and other points which will come up. These terms are usually agreed upon earlier than the cargo is even prepared for delivery and generally have been agreed upon for years.

Export Cost & Price Analysis, INCO Terms Payment Terms, Risk Management

Release of merchandise by a bank to a buyer while the bank retains title to the merchandise. The goods are usually obtained for manufacturing or sales purposes. The buyer is obligated to maintain the goods distinct from the remainder of the assets and to hold them ready for repossession by the bank. An ocean carrier company operating vessels not on regular runs or schedules.

fob stands for in business communication

A draft that matures either a certain number of days after acceptance or a certain number of days after the date of the draft. The offer of goods for transportation or the offer to place cars or containers for loading or unloading. In railcar or container shipments, the weight of the empty railcar or empty container. A marine term referring to loading freight into ships’ holds.

Advanced Diploma In Export-Import Management Course

A joint Bureau of the Census’ International Trade Administration form used for compiling U.S. exports. It is completed by a shipper and shows the value, weight,destination, etc., of export shipments as well as Schedule B commodity code. Procedure fob stands for in business communication where carrier tests the temperature of the internal flesh of refrigerated commodities to assure that the temperature at time of shipment conforms to prescribed temperature ranges. A party named in an instrument as the beneficiary of the funds.

The agreement specifies the total cost for the charter, method of payment and all relevant information about the vessel. Most TTT sellers require that the buyer should provide them with a copy of his charter party agreement. It is risky to provide Nigerian sellers with such documents; hence they can easily alter it for fraud-related activities. Please be careful while dealing with Nigerian sellers and suppliers.

Sophisticated, computercontrolled systems that manage the mixtures of gases within a container throughout an intermodal journey reducing decay. A legally binding agreement between two or more persons/organizations to carry out reciprocal obligations or value. The process of declaring the importation of foreign-made goods into the United States for use in the United States. A government official residing in a foreign country who represents the interests of her or his country and its nationals.

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